The Virtual heritage centre

Burundi Bwa Nyaburunga

PRE- DYNASTIC BURUNDI

Before the advent of Ntare Rugamba, the historical knowledge is still confused in the collective memory. Tradition has held that this period would have been marked by autonomous entities, some independent of the others.

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DYNASTIC
BURUNDI

The foundation of the monarchy of Burundi was fixed in the collective memory by a series of tales and legends about the origin of the first king NTARE RUSHATSI CAMBARANTAMA. There are two currents of myths. 

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PRE-COLONIAL BURUNDI

Burundi became, together with Rwanda, a German colony in 19th century.The country, part of the German East Africa, remained under the German rule until the end of the Second World War, when Belgium took control of the so-called “Rwanda-Urundi”

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POST-COLONIAL BURUNDI

The League of Nations was dissolved in 1945 and became a UN trusted territory, still under the control of Belgium. Burundi gained independence and established a constitutional monarchy in 1962. The then leader Mwami Mwambutsa IV became the king.

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The Country

Burundi

Burundi is located in Africa south of the equator. It is bounded on the north by Rwanda, on the east and south by Tanzania and on the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire) along the depression of Lake Tanganyika and Kivu that connects the Rusizi River. The country stretches over 27.834 Km 2. It is at 1.100Km from the Indian Ocean, at 1900Km from the Atlantic Ocean and at 2.300Km from the Red Sea.

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Intore

The warriors of Umwami (King) of ancient Burundi did not always have the same name; those of the first army set up in the country to defend the king against the internal rebellions or the external attacks were called ‘Intore’. Others were called ‘Ibirima’, ‘Amasuka’, ‘Abadasigana’, etc. according the symbolic representation of the valor or boldness of the warriors..

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Ingoma

The ingoma is a drum covered with a membrane of animal skin. The top of the drum is always broader than the bottom. The ingoma is usually cylindrical in form, tapering only in the lower section of the instrument, although the drum shell can also taper gradually over its entire length. Making an ingoma is a long and delicate process and is therefore entrusted to specialised drum makers, assisted by a woodworker who prepares the hide.

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Les tombeaux des bami du Burundi

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La mort du Roi : Umwami Aratanga

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La survie des Rois : Umuzimu W’umwami

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Experts and Historians on Burundi

Emile Mworoha


Jean-Pierre Chrétien


Pascal Niyonizigiye.


Joseph Gahama


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